Who would select this course?
This course has been developed specifically for those who have a requirement to drive a 4WD vehicle, on road and off road, as part of their day to day driving task.
The course involves the skills and knowledge required to operate a 4WD vehicle safely in a range of conditions.
These include driving a 4WD vehicle on normal roads, traversing slopes, ascending and descending steep slopes and stall recovery.
It also includes operation of the vehicle in rugged terrain, the use of a jack and the completion of all pre- and post-operational checks.
Licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements may be applicable to this unit. Provisional car licence must be held prior to the commencement of this unit of competency for driving on public land/roads.
This course describes the performance outcomes, skills and knowledge required to select and use appropriate range, gear and techniques to drive a 4WD vehicle through and over difficult terrain.
PLEASE NOTE: the Operate Four Wheel Drive Vehicle does not include Vehicle Recovery.
Operate Four Wheel Drive Vehicle
1.Operate four wheel drive vehicles on normal roads:
1.1 Pre-start checks of vehicle and equipment are carried out to manufacturers specifications and roadworthy requirements
1.2 Tyres are checked for pressure suitable for terrain and/or changed in accordance with workplace procedures
1.3 Loads are secured in accordance with workplace and legislative requirements
1.4 Vehicle is driven on-road and off-road to legislative and workplace requirements, at appropriate speeds for conditions and hazards
1.5 Vehicle is parked and shut down in accordance with workplace and manufacturers requirements
2. Operate vehicle on, or across slope:
2.1 Pre-start checks of vehicle and equipment are carried out to manufacturers specifications and roadworthy requirements
2.2 Tyres are checked for pressure suitable for terrain and/or changed to operational guidelines
2.3 Loads are secured in accordance with workplace and legislative requirements
2.4 Vehicle is driven on-road and off-road to regulatory and workplace requirements at appropriate speeds for conditions and hazards
3. Operate vehicle ascending a steep slope including stall recovery:
3.1 Intended vehicle path is inspected prior to negotiation of slope
3.2 Appropriate gear is selected to ascend grade, and engine revolutions are maintained to ensure constant traction
3.3 Air-conditioning unit is turned off to avoid engine acceleration
3.4 Foot brake is applied as vehicle stalls, handbrake applied and ignition turned off
3.5 Clutch is depressed and reverse gear is selected
3.6 Clutch is released and handbrake is slowly released
3.7 Ignition is turned on and brakes are released
3.8 Vehicle is started and allowed to reverse down the slope
3.9 Brakes are applied as necessary to control descent
reverse on a moderate incline.
4.Operate vehicle descending a steep slope including stall recovery:
4.1 Intended vehicle path is inspected prior to negotiation of the slope
4.2 Appropriate gear is selected to ascend grade, and engine revolutions are maintained to ensure constant traction
4.3 Air-conditioning unit is turned off to avoid engine acceleration
4.4 Braking is used to control descent and skidding is avoided by the application of brakes to emulate ABS
4.5 Ignition is turned off, foot brake is applied, and handbrake engaged
4.6 Clutch is depressed and low gear is selected
4.7 Clutch is released and handbrake is slowly released
4.8 Ignition is turned on and brakes are released
4.9 Vehicle is started and allowed to continue down the slope
4.10 Brakes are applied as necessary to control descent and skids are steered into
5.Operate vehicle in rugged terrain:
5.1 Intended vehicle path is inspected prior to negotiation of rugged terrain
5.2 Correct gear/range is selected to negotiate terrain
5.3 Freewheel hubs are engaged and disengaged in accordance with driving conditions
5.4 Vehicle controls are set in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions for operation in the surrounding terrain
5.5 Traction is maintained in accordance with requirements of the vehicle and the surrounding terrain
5.6 Selection of appropriate gear/range before negotiating terrain is demonstrated
5.7 Where necessary, chains are fitted to vehicle in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions
5.8 Vehicle load is inspected, positioned and secured to maximise traction for four wheel driving
5.9 Terrain is negotiated in accordance with requirements for specific driving conditions
5.4. Complete vehicle performance reports and notify designated personnel.
6.1 Jack is located under vehicle in accordance with vehicle manufacturers specifications and workplace procedures
6.2 Jack is used and operated in accordance with manufacturers specifications and workplace procedures
7.1 Vehicle is parked and shut down to workplace and manufacturers requirements
7.2 Faults or malfunctions are corrected and/or reported in accordance with workplace requirements
7.3 Vehicle and equipment are cleaned and stored after use in accordance with workplace requirements
7.4 Any reports required by the workplace are completed in accordance with workplace procedures
A4ADE 4WD program not only includes the training elements listed within this table, however also incorporates the following additional training elements:
• 4WD vehicle dynamics, affects on vehicle stopping distances and driver reaction time.
• Functions and different types of a 4WD Vehicles.
• How a 4WD vehicle works and key features such as: 2nd start, ABS, stability control, Traction Control, Hill Descent Control.
• Understanding the real functions of Electronic Stability Control (ESC) and the importance of when to switch ESC off or leave it on.
• Auto vs manual, petrol vs diesel: rev range, gear selection for ascending, descending, sand, mud, water fording.
• When to use high range/low range.
• Momentum not speed and good wheel placement – not wheel spinning.
• Practical session on 4WD high and low range at a real 4WD training areas (Kurwongbah, Kogan or site specific).
• Why 4WD vehicles get stuck (differentials), minimum wheels in contact with the ground to maintain momentum (not wheels spinning or getting stuck).
• Ground appreciation to reduce the risk of a vehicle incident or a vehicle being stuck. – What is the risk, potential dangers and drivers actions to avoid a vehicle incident.
• Is there a alternative route, can it wait another day, do I need to travel it, if so – what is my recovery options and do I have communication or does someone know that I’m here.
• 4WD tyres (types and the 4 categories), tyre pressures, ground clearance and wading depth.
• PLEASE NOTE: that the TLIC2025 Operate Four Wheel Drive Vehicle does not include vehicle recovery. However, A4ADE can include a 4WD vehicle recovery, incorporating Companies / organisations Policies and Procedures. A4ADE Recovery Standards. (A4ADE vehicle recovery stages, sequence of recover method (least risk first), Risk assessment, Reducing recovery forces (S.T.U.), Calculating the “TPR” using A4ADE recovery formula.
Make Specific Course
Australian 4WD & Advanced Driver Education are specialists in on and off road Defensive Driver Training and are able to design, develop and conduct “make-specific” courses. Our “make-specific” courses not only cover all mandatory elements for the this course but are contextualised to ensure they meet the specific requirements of the Employer and their staff.
Additional Course Information.
The course start time is is usually at 07:15. The course can conclude at approximately 3pm.
A4ADE Practical Training Area
A4ADE exclusive Driver Training Facilities at Kurwongbah and Kogan offers terrain which is similar to the terrain that people would be required to drive on in their everyday driving as part of their job. This offers superior opportunities for the development of skills and techniques in these environments rather than a simulated environment or a “make-shift” area artificially developed for driver training.
A4ADE Training Areas
A4ADE have exclusive Driver Training Facilities at Kurwongbah, North of Brisbane and Kogan, between Dalby and Chinchilla.
For group bookings additional training areas to those listed above include Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Gladstone, Mt Isa, Moranbah, Roma, Toowoomba, however not limited to these areas.
Corporate/Group Booking Training Areas
A4ADE are able to plan, develop and deliver specific course programs for groups or corporate, on request.
Australian 4WD & Advanced Driver Education specialise in the design and implementation of client specific and site specific driver training and education. Training can be delivered for groups on any site (if suitable terrain is available), for group bookings. All courses are portable allowing staff to be trained in locations familiar to their day-to-day use of 4WD and other light vehicles and can be delivered to ensure minimal disruption to shift routine.
What course participants will require to undertake the course
- 4WD Vehicle (one vehicle can be used for up to 2 participants from the same organisation:
- Should you not have access to a 4WD vehicle, A4ADE fleet vehicles are available for use at an additional cost. (please see “vehicles” below”); and
- Your vehicle will need at least half a tank of fuel.
- Driving license (that will be required for checking prior to course commencement).
- Appropriate clothing – this should be compliant with your companies policy however at a minimum must comprise of long sleeved shirt, long pants, closed shoes with good soles and hat.
- Sunscreen and insect repellent.
- Pad and pen.
- Morning tea and a light lunch with plenty of drinking water in summer months.
A4ADE do have vehicles available for use. The cost of these vehicles includes, vehicle hire for completion of the course, fuel, recovery equipment (where required) and cleaning and is as follows:
- 1 day vehicle hire is $135.00 per person, per day.
- The vehicle maybe hired by other course participants, meaning that each vehicle hire may be shared by two participants. This will not have any impact on the amount of drive time that each hirer will experience.
- At times, there maybe more than one vehicle available, that will allow each vehicle hirer to experience a variety of 4WD types.
- If you wish to have exclusive use of a vehicle, then this can be arranged and would be at a cost of $160.00 per vehicle per day.